Joana Santos

Ecologist & Terrestrial Ecosystems Specialist

Joana Santos has an academic degree in Biology Applied to Terrestrial Ecosystems (BSc) and in Ecology and Environmental Management (MSc). Her passion for nature conservation and biodiversity management led her to deepen the knowledge in these fields, counting more than 6 years of professional experience since 2009. Throughout her career she specialized in biodiversity management, particularly in the fields of offsets/compensation, habitat management, conservation biology and ecological monitoring, having worked in more than 25 projects.

By being part of the teams working in offset/compensation and monitoring projects, Joana has had the opportunity to consolidate her career from north to south of Portugal including several Natural Parks and Protected Areas (RN2000), including “Douro Internacional”, “Serra da Estrela”, “Serras de Aire e Candeeiros” (north/center) and “Baixo Alentejo” and “Serra do Caldeirão” (south). Here, she highlights the cooperation in offset/compensation projects (planning and implementation) aiming a wide range of endangered bird species in Portugal, as Bonelli’s eagle, golden eagle, black stork, eagle owl, peregrine falcon, red-billed chough, Montagu's harrier, black wheatear and also the  common kestrel. With these projects she improved her professional skills in biodiversity and ecosystem management and monitoring, as well as in the social components by working with local population (including local shepherds and hunters - game management) and contact with project developers aiming the reconciliation of human’s development infrastructures and biodiversity conservation. She works in different project development types, including wind farms, power lines and dams. 

Joana has also experience in team management and in ecological monitoring of different animal groups (terrestrial mammals and bats) and environmental impact assessments. Internationally, the highlight goes to the participation in an action plan aiming golden eagles, as a result of a wind energy development project in Finland.  

Main working areas or relevant skills: Project manager and team coordination; Design and implementation of monitoring and mitigation projects (especially offset/compensation); Local community awareness; Bird and bat ecology; Field detection and identification of inland mammals and birds (direct and indirect methods); Experimental design and statistical analysis; Writing and supervision of technical and scientific reports and documents.

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Relevant Publications

Mascarenhas, M., Bernardino, J., Paula, A., Costa, H., Bastos, C.A.C., Cordeiro, A., Marques, A.T.,  Marques, J., Mesquita, S., Paula, J., Pereira, M.J.R., Pereira, P., Peste, F., Ramalho, R.O., Rodrigues, S., Santos, J., Vieira, J., Fonseca, C. 2015.  Biodiversity & Wind Energy: a bird's and bat's perspective.  Bio3 and University of Aveiro. Aveiro, Portugal. ISBN: 978-989-20-5499.

Oral presentations

Paula, A., Santos, J., Ferreira, C., Bernardino, J. & Costa, H. 2015. Compensation scenarios to deal with wind farm’s impacts on birds: the challenges of moving from theory to practice. Wind energy and Wildlife impacts. 10 a 12 March 2015. Berlim, Alemanha.

Santos, J.; Marques, A. T.; Paula, A.; Bernardino, J.; Mascarenhas, M. & Costa, H. 2012. Compensation and off-site mitigation strategies for endangered Bonelli’s Eagle populations in Wind Farms. VIIth Polish Wind Energy Association (PWEA) Conference & Exhibition. 22-23 May 2012. Varsóvia, Polónia.

Santos, J., Marques, A. T., Paula, A., Costa, H., Mascarenhas, M. 2012. Medidas compensatorias: la compatibilización entre parques eólicos y la conservación del águila perdicera. I Congreso Ibérico de Energía Eólica y Conservación de la Fauna. 12 a 14 de janeiro de 2012. Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, Espanha.

Paula, A., Santos, J., Cordeiro, A., Costa, H. M., Mascarenhas, M & Reis, C. 2011. Managing habitat for prey recovery – an off-site mitigation tool for wind farms’ impacts on top avian predators. Conference on Wind energy and Wildlife impacts. 2 a 5 de maio, Trondheim, Noruega.

Paula, A., Cordeiro, A., Santos, J., Costa, H., Reis C., & Mascarenhas, M. 2010. Três Anos de implementação de Medidas compensatórias de impactes sobre espécies ameaçadas: qual o balanço. 12º Encontro Nacional de Ecologia. SPECO.  18 a 20 de Outubro 2010, Portugal.

Paula, A., Cordeiro, A., Santos, J., Mascarenhas, M. & Costa, H. 2009. Medidas compensatórias e o papel que desempenham na conservação de espécies: A Gestão de Habitat e Monitorização de Ecossistemas Decorrentes da DIA do Projecto “Ramal entre a linha Mogadouro-Valeira e a Subestação de Olmos (Macedo de Cavaleiros), a 220 kV”. VI Congresso de Ornitologia SPEA e IV Congresso Ibérico de Ornitologia, Elvas, 5 a 8 de Dezembro de 2009.


Paula A., Santos J., Ferreira A.C., Ferreira R., Cordeiro A., Reis C., Neto P., Costa H. 2014. Implementação de Medidas Compensatórias para aves rupícolas no Parque Natural do Douro Internacional e vale do rio Távora. 8º Congresso da SPEA. 1 a 4 de Março.  Almada.

Marques, A.T., Ferreira, R., Zina, H., Santos, J. & Costa, H. 2014. Estimativa populacional do tartaranhão-caçador (Circus pygargus) na ZPE de Castro Verde. VIII Congresso de Ornitologia da SPEA. 1 a 4 de Março de 2014. Almada.

Santos, J., Marques, A.T., Paula, A., Mascarenhas, M. & Costa, H. 2012. Implementation of compensation and offset measures for large birds of prey. NWCC Wind Wildlife Research Meeting IX.  27 a 30 de novembro de 2012. Denver, Colorado, EUA.

Monteiro, B., Ferreira, R., Santos, J., Marques, A.T., Mascarenhas, M. & Costa, H. 2012. Variation in bat activity in Portuguese uplands: effects of wind speed, temperature and moonlight in different biotopes. NWCC Wind Wildlife Research Meeting IX.  27 a 30 de novembro de 2012. Denver, Colorado, EUA.

Paula, J., Santos, J., Monteiro, B., Novais, R., Costa, H., Mascarenhas, M. 2011. Distribución y dieta de la nutria en el área de influencia del futuro embalse del Alvito. X Congreso de la SECEM, Fuengirola (Málaga), Espanha.  3 a 6 de Dezembro de 2011.